Career Fields

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Business Cost Estimators drive the processes of life cycle cost estimating within the context of materiel system acquisition in the Department of Defense (DoD). These activities occur at Navy headquarters, Systems Commands and Finanacial Management directorates throughout the Department of the Navy (DoN). Focus areas include earned value management, simplified acquisition, performance measurement, and cost analysis. Within acquisition, the Business Cost Estimator leverages skills founded in operations research, mathematics and statistics to derive the "should cost" and funding baselines for acquisition programs throughout the life cycle. Business Cost Estimators can fulfill positions that specialize in advanced financial management, Earned Value Management and Program Management.

Business Financial Managers apply the basic concepts of budget and program principles, policies, procedures, concepts, standards and a wide knowledgeof the financial management and business operation systems. These activities occur at Navy headquarters, Systems Commands and Financial Management directorates throughout the Department of the Navy (DoN). BFMs possess knowledge of acquisition; recognize the life-cycle process of an acquisition program, review, allocate, or manage acquisition resources and programs. As an advisor to Commanders, Program Executive Officers and acquisition decision makers. BFMs can fulfill positions in advanced financial management and Planning and Programming within acquisition.

Contracting Specialists create effective and proper business arrangements that have a strategic focus on acquisition while accountability leveraging Department of Defense (DoD) resource to meet the demands of the customer. Contracting Specialist work involves the procurement of supplies and services in addition to acquisition planning. Cost and price analysis, solicitation, source selection, preparation for award and post award activities. The Contract Specialist leverages skills founded in the application of Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR), legislative policy, e-business and industry practices, supply sourcing methods, contracting vehicles cost and price analysis methodology. Most Contracting Specialists work primarily in Research and Development (R&D), Large Program (ACAT), Program Management Offices (PMO), systems logistics sustainment centers, system planning management offices and other key areas within the acquisition lifecycle.

Engineers perform engineering tasks to support acquisition programs, projects and activities. These can elate to the design, development, fabrication, installation, modificaiton and analysis of platforms, systems or system components. The Engineering workforce includes a wide range of members from different disciplines and backgrounds. Typically Engineering workforce members hae either a baccalaureate or graduate degree in a technical or scientific field such as enginerring, physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, operations, research, engineering management, or computer science. Engineering workforce members may hold positions, such as systems engineer, project officers, and projet engineer, scientist, supervising project engineer, computer engineer/scientist, operations reserach analyst, software engineer, structures, engineer, reliability and/or design engineer or naval architect.

Facilities Engineers are involved with the design, construction and life cycle maintenance of military installations, civil works, projects, airfields, major ocean ports and facilities. FE's are involved in all facets of life cycle management from planning through disposal including design, construction, environmental protection, base operations and support. This also includes real estate and real property maintenance. The FE workforce advises or assists commanders or program managers and other officials, as necessary, in executing all aspects of their responsibilities for facility management and the mitigation/elimination of environmental impact in direct support of the Defense Acquisition.

Industrial & Contract Property Management

 Information Technology professionals typcially provide direct support for large acquisition programs at Chief Information Officer, Design Activity or Field Office Levels. Areas of focus include IT acquisition strategy, planning, systems architectural compliance, information assurance, security, validation and testing. Within IT acquisition, the IT professional formulates requirements and specificaitons, cost estimating and resource planning. They can also play a key role in Functional Area Manager (FAM) portfolio management, information assurance accreditation validation, entgerprise architecture compliance, testing and evaluation, software development life cycle and project management, IT professionals can fulfill positions that specialize in Information Security, Policy and Planning, Enterprise Architecture, Network Services and Computer Engineering.

International supports planning cooperative programs with international partners conducted under the terms of international agreement to include Defense Slaes and Transfers, Acquisition Strategy Development and Technology, Security and Foreign Disclosure.

Life Cycle Logisticians ensure the integration of all support elements to maximize supportability, reliability, availability, maintainability and mission effectiveness of systems throughout its life cycle. They achieve this by influencing system design and providing effective, timely product support capability to secure system material readiness and operations. The career field encompasses both acquisition and sustainment activities directed at planning, development, implementation and management of effective and affordable systems. Life Cycle Logisticians can fill typical line and staff position titles that include, but are not limited to ILS Manager, Logistics Element Manager, Logistics Management Specialist and Logistics Engineers.

Production, Quality & Manufacturing

 Program Management professionals serve in a wide range of Program Management Office (PMO) and Program Executive Office (PEO) positions, leveraging program integration and analysis skills. This includes direct support to the PM or PEO, deputies or staff. They may also servein a number of support and management positions throughout the workforce. The fundamental responsibilities of the PM are to balance the many factors that influence cost, schedule and performance. Furthermore, to interpret and tailor applicaiotn of the DoD 5000 series regulations that supports the overall Defense Acquisition System. In the end their work ensures that high quality, affordable, supportable and effective systems are delivered to the customer on time and within budget. Typical position locaitons include Program Offices, Program Executive Offices and Hardware System Commands.

 Science and Technology leads and/or manages advanced technology development and basic & applied research. Programs range from cooperative science and technology to major system developement and production. Positions are typically located in the Office of Naval Research and Navy Laboratories using appropriate S&T Funding.

Small Business conducts acquisition related activities that include advisement on small business issues during acquisition planning/strategy development, as well as performing headquarters-level small business office functions such as workforce development, Science/Technology/Engineering/Mathematics (STEM), entrepreneurship, industrial base policy development, oversight and/or Director Support.

Individuals who work in the Test and Evaluation career field are predominantly T&E leads for programs, Service, Agency and Facility managers, engineers, scientists, operations research analysts, system analysts, computer scientists and other degree-holding technical personnel. Traditionally, these specialists plan, perform and manage T&E tasks in support of acquisition. Individuals in T&E positions are subject matter experts who will plan, monitor, manage and conduct T&E of prototype, new fielded or modified systems.